Immense and verdant valleys, fascinating mountain peaks peeping through the clouds dotted across the deep blue sky; springs of crystal clear water running together to form streams, rivers and lakes of all sizes.
All this and lots more besides can be found in Trentino. A land well worth visiting above all for its natural beauty, its areas of untouched splendour, parts of which enjoy the status of Nature Parks and are consequently rich in rare flora and fauna.
The mountains are the Trentino fortune, from the highest western massifs (Adamello-Presanella and Ortles-Cevedale), to the famous Dolomites, unparalleled world-wide, reflecting gold at sunset. These peaks and groups are part of the history of mountaineering and of mountain tourism: Dolomiti di Brenta, the Catinaccio, the Sella, the Sassolungo, the Marmolada and the Pale di San Martino.
What better way to reach the heart of Trentino, than to travel among these mountains, in any season, visiting the valleys and the alpine regions? Climbs and excursions, on rock or snow, are paths to be experienced, step by step, in the silence of the wilderness and in the freedom of wide horizons. Places to discover, to learn to know and to love, during a fascinating and an active holiday.
The Dolomites, one of the symbols of Trentino, are unique mountains because the sun's rays give the rocks a fiery red glow at dawn and sunset, a phenomenum called "enrosadira". Peaks like the Torri del Vajolet or Campanil Basso di Brenta are known everywhere, and not only by mountaineers
The French maestro Le Corbusier defined these mountains “the most beautiful work of architecture in the world". Water, wind and ice have sculptured the rocks over thousands of years to produce the present impressive line of peaks (many over 3 thousand metres high), pinnacles and spires. In 1788, the French geologist Déodat de Dolomieu became curious and studied the origin and morphology and particular conformation (double carbonate of calcium and magnesium) of the milky-white rocks of the Monte Pallidi, rich in minerals and fossils and called the Dolomites in his honour.
In the 19th century these peaks, populated by fairies and gnomes according to popular belief, attracted the attention of the leading pioneers of alpinism who challenged the walls and peaks that were considered impossible to conquer. Their feats were reported in the newspapers and in aristocratic circles throughout Europe giving rise to the beginning of tourism which was at first exclusive and elite.
Between the two World Wars and especially in the forties, alpinism became more and more popular and people also started skiing in winter. The first pioneer resorts arose with hotels and the first lifts for "skiers". The decisive boost came in the sixties as a result of the economic boom and then, in the early seventies, tourism really took off.
Nearly ten per cent of the lakes in the Alps are in Trentino and for this reason the area has been called the “little Finland”. Here 297 expanses of water mainly of glacial origin dot the lowlands, highlands, mountains, forests and pastures up to the line of the glaciers. Among the best known are Lake Garda, a paradise for lovers of windusurfing and sailing thanks to its particular wind called "Ora", praised by Goethe in his Journey in Italy of 1786.
Another important feature of the natural beauty of Trentino is the large number of waterfalls. They flow from the numerous mountain springs of crystal clear water and from the glaciers that inundate the waterways of Trentino.